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What is Fine Weight?

Calculating Fine Weight

In precious metal measurement, fine weight refers to the actual amount of pure gold or other precious metal in a piece of jewellery or other item. It excludes any other metals mixed into alloys and is measured in Troy ounces or grams.

Calculating Fine Weight

The fine weight is calculated by multiplying the gross weight of an item by its purity percentage.

For example, a gold ring weighing 10 grams that is 14 carat gold contains 14/24 or 58.33% gold purity. The fine gold weight would be 10 grams x 0.5833 = 5.833 grams.

For gold jewellery, the purity amount is traditionally measured in carats - 24 carats representing pure gold.


The fine weight is calculated by multiplying the gross weight of an item by its purity percentage.


Importance of Fine Weight

The fine weight determines the actual precious metal content and therefore the inherent value of items. When buying or selling precious metal pieces, the fair price is primarily based on fine weight rather than gross weight.

Jewellery is manufactured in different caratages from pure 24 carat down to 9 carat or lower. Items with the same gross weight can have radically different precious metal content and value based on purity. Fine weight provides an accurate measure.

Use in Jewellery Industry

In jewellery manufacturing and retail, knowing the item’s fine weight is essential. Fine weight allows jewellers to properly price gold, silver and platinum pieces according to the precious metals invested.

In jewellery manufacturing and retail, knowing the item’s fine weight is essential

Most jewellery is not pure but alloyed with other metals. Calculating precious metal content requires a consistent measure like fine weight to compare value across alloys.

Jewellery markings such as 14 carat or Pt950 are meant to convey fine weight purity. But the actual weight must still be considered to reach an item's total fine weight.

The purity and gross weight of precious metal items both contribute to their value. Fine weight provides a standardised way to determine precious metal content across carats and alloys. Understanding and correctly calculating fine weight is a fundamental skill in precious metalwork and jewellery.